Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with valgus deformity by means of varus osteotomy.

Published online: Jun 27 2000

L A Marin Morales, L A Gomez Navalon, P Zorrilla Ribot, and J A Salido Valle.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Complejo Hospitalario Ciudad Real, Spain.


Nineteen cases of osteoarthritis of the knee with valgus deformity in 17 patients were treated by femoral supracondylar varus osteotomy (17 cases) or by high tibial varus osteotomy (2 cases) over the last 15 years. Fixation was performed using a 95 degrees AO blade-plate in 13 of the femoral osteotomies and a straight plate in the other four. The mean follow-up time was 6.5 years. The valgus deformity was idiopathic in 14 cases, secondary to rheumatoid arthritis in 2 cases and to tibial valgus in one case. The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score was used to evaluate the clinical results: nearly 75% were excellent or good. The causes related to poor results are analyzed regarding indication and surgical technique. It appears that varus osteotomy is an effective procedure for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with valgus deformity, above all in order to alleviate pain, although the operation requires precision, and correct selection of patients is of prime importance.