Reconstruction of severe uncontained bone defects in revision total knee arthroplasty in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis

Published online: Apr 27 2008

Florian D. Naal, Johann Wasmaier, Thomas Guggi, Urs Munzinger

From the Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland


We report on a 54-year-old rheumatoid arthritic female patient with uncontained type-III tibial and femoral bone defects at the time of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The knee was reconstructed using a structural distal femoral allograft and a stemmed, semi-constrained knee prosthesis. We achieved the re-alignment of a severe preoperative valgus deformity of 40 degrees. Due to postoperative wound complications we had to perform a gastrocnemius muscle flap. At two-year follow-up the patient was free of pain and the Knee Society Score improved from 18 to 156 (p < 0.01). Radiographs revealed no loosening of the prosthetic components and progressive incorporation of the graft. Reconstruction of extensive uncontained bone defects in revision of TKA in rheumatoid arthritis can be managed by structural allografts ; however, wound complications in those patients might necessitate soft tissue techniques.