Modified anconeus muscle transfer as treatment of failed surgical release of lateral epicondylitis of the elbow

Published online: Jun 27 2017

Thomas Luyckx et al

From the department of orthopaedic surgery and traumatology, AZ Delta hospital, Roeselare, Belgium


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and the effectiveness of a new modified anconeus transfer technique in revision surgery for refractory lateral epicondylitis of the elbow. A modified anconeus muscle transfer was performed in nine patients with persistent symptoms after previous surgical release of the common extensor origin. The original technique was modified by using only half of the anconeus muscle. Patients were clinically evaluated, including quickDASH score and grip strength measurement. At a mean follow up period of 36 months, 4 patients had an excellent result, 3 a good result and 1 a poor result. All patients rated their clinical situation as better than before surgery. All but one patient said to be happy with the result and they would undergo the procedure again. The mean quickDash score at the follow up was 10.6 (SD 14.4). No complications were observed.The modified Anconeus muscle transfer is a safe and effective procedure in patients with persistent lateral epicondylitis complaints after a previous surgical release.