Dynamic trial fitting of the cup in press-fit total hip arthroplasty, a feasibility study


press-fit ; trial fitting ; acetabular component ; total hip arthroplasty

Published online: Sep 14 2021


Daniël Hoornenborg, Justin Van Loon, Sheryl De Waard, Inger N. Sierevelt, Kim T.M. Opdam, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Daniël Haverkamp

From the Xpert Clinics Orthopedie, Amsterdam, The Netherlands


Trial fitting of the cup during total hip arthroplasty (THA) is done by trial cups, which do not resemble the real press-fit obtained by the definitive implant. Our goal is to judge feasibility of the X-pander® in clinical practice ; a device developed to mimic the real press-fit obtained by the definitive cup, to ensure satisfactory press-fit.

In this feasibility study 45 experienced orthopaedic surgeons from 7 European countries filled in a structured survey after 78 primary THA and 31 revision surgeries, using the X-pander instead of traditional trial cups. Primary outcomes were decision change concerning cup size or further reaming and increased confidence regarding cup insertion and size. Additionally, potential association between the primary outcomes and procedure (primary or revi- sion), bone quality and experience of the surgeon were evaluated.

In 33.3% of the primary and 32.2% of the revision cases the X-pander measurement changed the deci- sion and further reaming or change of cup size was decided. In 61.5% and 58.1% of respectively the primary and revision THAs the X-pander was judged to give fairly to much more reliable information than traditional trial cups. The X-pander could lead to less additional screw fixation, as stated in 37.2% of the primary and 25.8% of the revision cases and to better cup insertion in respectively 50.0% and 51.6%.

This study validates that the X-pander may be a suitable option for accurate sizing and assessment of the reamed acetabulum and could replace traditional trial cups in THA.