Talonavicular-cuneiform arthrodesis in the management of Mueller-Weiss Syndrome: a retrospective case series


Mueller-Weiss Syndrome, spontaneous osteonecrosis, tarsal navicular, talonavicular-cuneiform arthrodesis, navicular collapse

Published online: Apr 23 2024



1 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bezmialem Foundation University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul University, Istanbul School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Clinic of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Acibadem Fulya Hospital, Sports Medicine Center, Istanbul, Turkey


Mueller-Weiss Syndrome (MWS), characterized by spontaneous adult-onset tarsal navicular osteonecrosis, is an uncommon cause of chronic midfoot pain that can lead to functional impairment and progressive deformities. This study aimed to present clinical and radiological outcomes of talonavicular-cuneiform (TNC) arthrodesis in the treatment of patients with MWS. A retrospective study was performed on 8 consecutive patients (6 female, 2 male; mean age = 50 years; range = 33-64) who underwent TNC arthrodesis using plate fixation with autologous bone grafting for the treatment of MWS. To evaluate clinical status, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Midfoot Score was performed immediately preoperatively and at the final follow-up. In radiographic evaluation, talus-first metatarsal angle (Meary’s angle) was measured preoperatively and at the final follow-up. Solid fusion was also examined on postoperative radiographs and computerised tomography. The mean follow-up was 35 months (range = 24-52). The mean AOFAS improved from 37 (range = 24-53) preoperatively to 85 (range = 80-93) at the final follow-up (p < 0.001). No major intra- operative complications were observed in any of the patients. According to the Maceira and Rochera radiological staging system, 5 feet was stage 3, and 3 feet was stage 4. The mean union time was 10 months (range = 5-15). Radiographic solid fusion was achieved in all but one foot that developed talonavicular non-union. TNC arthrodesis using plate fixation with autologous bone grafting seems to be an effective surgical method for reconstruction of MWS.