Medial column fusion for degenerative pesplanovalgus deformity. Report of 9 patients


adult rigid flatfoot, arthrodesis, osteotomy, medial column

Published online: Apr 23 2024


The orthopaedic Department, Scarborough York teaching hospital, Scarborough, UK


Degenerative pesplanovalgus is a progressive disabling condition; there are more than one surgical procedure used in the treatment with varied outcomes. The aim of the current study is to highlight the benefits of the medial column fusion surgery in the treatment of this condition. Nine adult patients with rigid degenerative pesplanovalgus (without significant valgus heel deformity) underwent medial column fusion between January 2015 to December 2020. The procedure was combined with subtalar fusion in four patients and lateral column lengthening in one patient. The mean follow-up period was 19.5 months (range, 15–27). Regular clinical and radiological reviews was carried out in the postoperative period. The mean Manchester Oxford foot score was good in 7 patients, and fair in two patients. The mean Meary angle was 5.8 ± 5.4° preoperatively and improved to 0.9 ± 7.7° at final follow-up, and the mean Pitch angle also improved from 12.5 ± 3.7° preoperatively to 23.2 ± 4.1° (P < .001). In a patient, and at a different stage, talo-navicular fusion was added to the medial column fusion.The outcome of this series of cases was encouraging and medial column fusion continues to be a good option in the management of rigid pesplanovalgus deformity.