Revision ratio after Femoral Neck System implantation for hip fracture treatment: a retrospective cohort analysis


Femoral neck system, Femoral neck fractures, hip fracture, internal fixation

Published online: Apr 23 2024


Department of Orthopedic surgery and Traumatology, Jessa Hospital Hasselt, Belgium


The aim of the study is to determine the revision ratio after implantation of the femoral neck system (FNS) for the treatment of femoral neck fractures. A retrospective single center cohort analysis with a total of 71 patients who underwent the implantation of the FNS between December 2019 and December 2021, was performed. 31 males and 40 females were included. There was no exclusion based on BMI, ASA score, Garden classification or Pauwels classification. Primary outcome was the revision rate after FNS implantation. Secondary outcomes comprise the reason for revision surgery as well as the time toward revision surgery and the 30-day mortality. The revision ratio was 11 out of 71 patients (15.5%) with an average time to revision surgery of 10 months. Most common reason for revision was avascular necrosis (AVN) in 45.5%. Other reasons for revision surgery were implant failure due to a secondary fall on to the hip with the FNS implant in place, cut-out, cut-through and malunion in respectively 27.3%, 9%, 9% and 9% of the revision patients. The one- hole plate was used in 72% of the patients. Mean follow-up was 18.07 months (range 6-30 months). Full weight bearing instruction was given to 85.9% of the patients. Partial weight bearing in 14.1% of the patients. In conclusion, the FNS has similar revision ratio when used for femoral neck fractures compared to cannulated screw fixation in literature. The predominant reason for revision is AVN and implant failure with no difference between the use of the one- or-two-hole plate in this study.