The effect of cryotherapy on pain in patients with total knee replacement surgery: a meta-analysis


total knee replacement, pain, cryotherapy, cold application, orthopedic surgery

Published online: Apr 23 2024


1 Tekirdag Nam?k Kemal University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Surgical Nursing, Tekirdag, Turkey
2 Tekirdag Nam?k Kemal University Hospital, Tekirdag, Turkey


Cryotherapy is used to reduce edema and pain after total knee replacement surgery. This study was conducted as a meta-analysis study to determine the effect of cryotherapy on pain in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. The words ‘total knee prosthesis,’ ‘pain,’ ‘cryotherapy,’ ‘cold application,’ and ‘orthopedic surgery’ were searched in Turkish and English in scientific articles in the last 20 years from Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Pubmed databases. As a result of the research, a total of 8.406 studies were identified. Funnel Plot, Rosenthal’s Secure N, and Orwin’s Secure N methods were used to demonstrate that the meta-analysis study was reliable and valid and to determine publication bias. The sample size of the studies included in the analysis was 1462. The total effect size was 2.929, with a lower bound of 1.641 and an upper bound of 5.223 at a 95% confidence interval. The study determined that patients who underwent cryotherapy in total knee replacement surgery had 2.9 times less pain than patients who did not undergo cryotherapy.