The addition of an anti-rotation screw to the dynamic hip screw


Hip fracture ; DHS ; anti-rotation screw

Published online: Jan 08 2021

Stijn Voeten, Jaap Deunk, Jefrey Vermeulen, Elly De Lange-De Klerk, Han van den Brand, Wietse Zuidema

From the Department of Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands


The aim of this study is to assess if there is a difference in outcomes between a dynamic hip screw with or without an anti-rotation screw in the treatment of hip fractures.

All patients with an intracapsular hip fracture who underwent dynamic hip screw osteosynthesis between January 2010 and December 2013 in three Dutch hospitals were reviewed. Minimal follow-up was one year.

The study included a total of 364 patients. 24 patients were lost to follow-up and excluded. 297 (87.4%) were in the dynamic hip screw group and 43 (12.6%) in the dynamic hip with anti-rotation screw group.

Direct comparison of patient characteristics of the two groups showed significant differences in age, sex, Garden classification and Pauwels classification.

Patients operated with a dynamic hip screw and anti-rotation screw are significantly younger and their fractures are significantly more dislocated and steeper.

To draw conclusions about differences in outcome, a randomised clinical trial should be performed.