Vitamin D, calcium and albumin bloodserum levels in Belgian orthopedic patients – is systematic screening justified?


Vitamin D ; calcium ; albumin ; femur fracture ; hip fracture ; total hip arthroplasty ; hip resurfacing arthroplasty

Published online: Jan 09 2021

Robin Tjeenk Willink , Bernadette Devos , Bart Vundelinckx , Jo De Schepper , Jan Vanderstappen , Kris De Mulder

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, AZ Nikolaas, St. Niklaas, Belgium


In the setting of fracture care, orthopedic surgeons are primarily focused on treating the fracture itself, but more and more attention is being paid to prevention of such fractures and identifying risk factors associated with worse postoperative prognoses. In our study we collected postoperative vitamin D, calcium and albumin bloodserum levels from 163 patients who were admitted with a femur fracture and from 233 patients who were admitted for an elective hip arthroplasty during the period of 365 days.

Results : 84.21% of the fracture population had a vitamin D deficiency (< 20 ng/mL) as well as 77.30% of the elective hip arthroplasty population. There were no significant seasonal differences in the fracture population. 80.27% of the fracture population had an albumin deficiency (< 29 g/L) compared to 38.75% of the reference population. There were no significant statistical differences in vitamin D and albumin bloodserum levels between the under 75 years old age group and the over 75 years old age group. We can make the tentative assumption that systematic screening for all hip fracture patients and all elective hip arthroplasty patients admitted to our orthopedic ward – independent of their age, season or pathology – is justified and we advise other hospitals to implement this as well.