The addition of oral Tranexamic acid to knee arthroplasty patients does not further improve blood loss: a double blinded randomized control trial


Total knee replacement; total knee arthroplasty; blood loss; haemoglobin

Published online: Aug 23 2022

Ciaran McDonald, Iain Feeley, Sean Flynn, Anthony Farrell, Martin Kelly, Eoin Sheehan

From the Midland Regional Hospital, Tullamore, Co. Offaly, Ireland


Perioperative intravenous (IV) TA has become routine in knee and hip arthroplasty. Less evidence exists on the administration of oral TA in the post- operative period. Our study aims to identify the efficacy and safety of combined perioperative IV and post-operative oral TA on blood loss and Hemoglobin (Hb) drop compared to perioperative IV TA alone. Patients undergoing primary elective knee arthro- plasty at our institution were invited to participate in the study (n=50). A computer-generated randomisation sequence was created online (www.randomization. org), with an allocation ratio of 1:1 and a block size of 50. Group A received perioperative IV TA alone and post-operative oral TA (n= 26) and Group B received perioperative IV TA plus 48 hours additional oral placebo (n= 24). Day 3 total blood loss and Hb drop was calculated. Continuous, normally distributed data (total blood loss) was compared utilising using one-way analysis of variance with post hoc Tukey test. Continuous skewed data (Hb drop) was compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Group A demonstrated a trend in decreased total blood loss that was close to statistical significance ( p = 0.072). No difference in Hb drop was identified between the 2 groups. Increased nausea was also observed in Group A. The administration of oral TA to post-operative knee arthroplasty patients does not improve further blood loss compared to patients receiving perioperative IV TA pre-operatively and at wound closure.